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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them.

The Crown
报告指出,他们的家庭平均每月大约会收到200美元,这占到了他们家庭收入的60%。使用这笔稳定的汇款,他们的家人可以解决吃饭、住房、上学、医疗问题,改善卫生条件,进行一些投资,或者有一定的存款。

Functions of Financial Market

Exports to the EU, Japan and Hong Kong — which serves as a transit point for exports to many other parts of the world — fell by 4.1 per cent, 9.5 per cent and 12.2 per cent respectively.

  • It facilitates mobilisation of savings and puts it to the most productive uses.
  • It helps in determining the price of the securities. The frequent interaction between investors helps in fixing the price of securities, on the basis of their demand and supply in the market.
  • It provides liquidity to tradable assets, by facilitating the exchange, as the investors can readily sell their securities and convert assets into cash.
  • It saves the time, money and efforts of the parties, as they don’t have to waste resources to find probable buyers or sellers of securities. Further, it reduces cost by providing valuable information, regarding the securities traded in the financial market.

The financial market may or may not have a physical location, i.e. the exchange of asset between the parties can also take place over the internet or phone also.

Classification of Financial Market

classification of financiak market

  1. By Nature of Claim
    • Debt Market: The market where fixed claims or debt instruments, such as debentures or bonds are bought and sold between investors.
    • Equity Market: Equity market is a market wherein the investors deal in equity instruments. It is the market for residual claims.
  2. By Maturity of Claim
    • Money Market: The market where monetary assets such as commercial paper, certificate of deposits, treasury bills, etc. which mature within a year, are traded is called money market. It is the market for short-term funds. No such market exist physically; the transactions are performed over a virtual network, i.e. fax, internet or phone.
    • Capital Market: The market where medium and long term financial assets are traded in the capital market. It is divided into two types:
      • Primary Market: A financial market, wherein the company listed on an exchange, for the first time, issues new security or already listed company brings the fresh issue.
      • Secondary Market: Alternately known as the Stock market, a secondary market is an organised marketplace, wherein already issued securities are traded between investors, such as individuals, merchant bankers, stockbrokers and mutual funds.
  3. By Timing of Delivery
    • Cash Market: The market where the transaction between buyers and sellers are settled in real-time.
    • Futures Market: Futures market is one where the delivery or settlement of commodities takes place at a future specified date.
  4. By Organizational Structure
    • Exchange-Traded Market: A financial market, which has a centralised organisation with the standardised procedure.
    • Over-the-Counter Market: An OTC is characterised by a decentralised organisation, having customised procedures.

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The indicators included intellectual capital and innovation, technology readiness, important regional cities, healthcare, safety and security, transportation and urban planning. Others were sustainability and the natural environment, culture and lifestyle, economic clout, cost and ease of doing business.
36岁的阿德里亚娜·利马排在第四位,其收入为1050万美元,初为人母的罗西·亨廷顿-怀特利(950万美元)与25岁的卡莉·克劳斯(900万美元)分别位列榜单的第六位和第七位。
曲道奎表示:“随着机器人正逐渐扩至几乎所有领域,我国机器人制造商应当了解自身和外资品牌间的差距,利用中国机器人的蓬勃发展并学习国外经验,以帮助我国由世界最大的机器人市场成长为机器人制造强国。”

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